Wire Erosion

Wire Electrical Discharge Machining (EDM), commonly known as wire erosion, is a machining process that uses electrical discharges to shape and cut conductive materials with a thin, electrically charged wire.

jack Green Engineering Wire Erosion Services

This method is par­tic­u­lar­ly use­ful for pro­duc­ing com­plex shapes and pre­ci­sion com­po­nents.

Wire ero­sion is a valu­able machin­ing process when high pre­ci­sion, intri­cate shapes, and min­i­mal mate­r­i­al waste are crit­i­cal require­ments. It com­ple­ments oth­er man­u­fac­tur­ing meth­ods and is par­tic­u­lar­ly advan­ta­geous for appli­ca­tions where tra­di­tion­al machin­ing tech­niques may be chal­leng­ing or impractical.

  1. Prin­ci­ple of Operation:
    • Wire EDM involves the use of a thin, elec­tri­cal­ly con­duc­tive wire (typ­i­cal­ly brass or coat­ed cop­per) to cut through a workpiece.
    • An elec­tri­cal dis­charge occurs between the wire and the work­piece, cre­at­ing sparks that erode mate­r­i­al from the workpiece.
  2. CNC Con­trol:
    • Like oth­er forms of EDM, wire ero­sion is typ­i­cal­ly con­trolled by Com­put­er Numer­i­cal Con­trol (CNC) systems.
    • CNC pro­gram­ming guides the wire’s move­ment to cre­ate the desired shape based on a 2D or 3D CAD model.
  3. Mate­ri­als:
    • Wire EDM is suit­able for machin­ing con­duc­tive mate­ri­als, includ­ing met­als such as steel, alu­minum, tita­ni­um, and alloys.
    • It is com­mon­ly used for mate­ri­als that are chal­leng­ing to machine with tra­di­tion­al meth­ods due to hard­ness or complexity.
  4. Pre­ci­sion and Tolerances:
    • Wire EDM is known for its high pre­ci­sion and the abil­i­ty to achieve tight tolerances.
    • It is capa­ble of pro­duc­ing intri­cate and com­plex shapes with excel­lent sur­face finishes.
  5. Appli­ca­tions:
    • Wire ero­sion is used in indus­tries such as aero­space, auto­mo­tive, med­ical, and tool and die manufacturing.
    • Com­mon appli­ca­tions include the pro­duc­tion of injec­tion moulds, extru­sion dies, gears, tur­bine com­po­nents, and prototypes.
  6. Low Con­tact Force:
    • Unlike tra­di­tion­al machin­ing meth­ods that involve phys­i­cal con­tact between the tool and the work­piece, wire EDM has low cut­ting forces.
    • This makes it suit­able for del­i­cate and intri­cate work­pieces with­out caus­ing dis­tor­tion or stress.
  7. No Tool Wear:
    • Since there is no direct con­tact between the tool (wire) and the work­piece, there is min­i­mal tool wear in wire EDM.
    • This allows for con­sis­tent and long-dura­tion machin­ing with­out the need for fre­quent tool changes.
  8. Automa­tion:
    • Wire EDM machines can be auto­mat­ed with fea­tures such as auto­mat­ic wire thread­ing and tool chang­ing, enhanc­ing effi­cien­cy and reduc­ing man­u­al intervention.
  9. Ver­sa­til­i­ty:
    • Wire EDM is ver­sa­tile and can cut com­plex shapes and con­tours, includ­ing sharp inter­nal cor­ners and fine details.
    • It is suit­able for both pro­to­type devel­op­ment and pro­duc­tion runs.
  10. Heat-Affect­ed Zone:
    • Wire EDM gen­er­ates very lit­tle heat, min­imis­ing the heat-affect­ed zone (HAZ) in the work­piece. This is ben­e­fi­cial for main­tain­ing mate­r­i­al properties.
  11. Sur­face Finish:
    • Wire EDM typ­i­cal­ly pro­duces a high-qual­i­ty sur­face fin­ish, reduc­ing the need for addi­tion­al fin­ish­ing processes.

Contact Us

For more information about our Wire Erosion service:


01844 260 010


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